“I think we have to realize that mental illness will be the next wave of Covid-19 virus,” said the epidemiologist and dean of the Faculty of Medicine at Boston University Dr. Sandro Galia for CBC. . And caused by anxiety, and mental disorders. “
He dearly monitored the symptoms of “post-traumatic stress disorder” among people who were self-isolated, as well as among health care workers, during his study of the effects of quarantine after the SARS (acute respiratory syndrome) outbreak in Toronto in 2003.
Trauma psychologists say new research has shown that “even those who are not directly affected by the crisis are at risk of developing PTSD.”
Therefore, Ghalia advises, “Avoid being socially distant, despite moving away physically. Focus on communication via social media. We are human beings and are social creatures and we need to interact with others.”
traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a condition that affected 3.5% of the world’s population in 2012 alone, according to the World Health Organization. In the accompanying video, American psychologist Joel Rapo Malletis calls him “the invisible wound.”
It comes without apparent physical changes due to a defect that extends to a function in our brains specialized in facing risks, through an alert system called “fighting response, flight or freezing” that stimulates the adrenal, pituitary and other glands to prepare the body to defend itself.
Continuing and repeating this condition increases the heart rate and speeds breathing and causes muscle cramping and raises the level of the stress hormone “cortisol”, which stimulates fear and guilt and disturbing dreams, and massive and sustained nervous pressure occurs with each recovery of the problem.
The difficulty of this type of disorder lies in the increased sensitivity to stimuli that the mind associates with the original shock. Simply smelling smoke in a camp, for example, may evoke the memory of a home fire as if it just happened. As the trauma recurs, the deficient feel and resort to isolation, “as if they pressed the button to stop their lives, while the world moved around them,” Malletis said.
4 signs of PTSD
It may take months or years before the signs of PTSD appear, which we can notice in four main forms:
– “Retrieval” in the sense of rumination of experiencing the traumatic event through memories, nightmares, or any catalytic situation mentioned in it.
– “Avoidance”, which is by trying to escape from anything or a place that irritates the memory of trauma, the tendency to isolation, and the inability to return to normal life.
– “Hyper-arousal” that appears in sleep disturbance, amazement, tantrums, and aggressive behavior.
– “Negative thinking” resulting from mood swings, feelings of alienation and loneliness, difficulty concentrating and remembering, depression and unjustified fear, lack of confidence and feelings of guilt.
For children, symptoms of fear of moving away from parents, loss of previously acquired skills (such as the ability to use a toilet), and shock representation through toys, stories or drawings are added.
9 physical symptoms of shock
There are physical problems that may be caused by a low level of the hormone “cortisol” caused by PTSD, such as:
Dry skin, increased chances of eczema and scarring, and soaps and creams become irritants.
Weight gain, especially around the abdomen, is closely related to cortisol by overeating.
Digestive disorders: Cortisol is occupied by directing the body’s energy to the function of attack, defense or flight, which reduces the supply of energy and blood to the digestive system.
Difficulty gaining muscle, and quickly losing what is gained from it, because cortisol reduces the absorption of amino acids in muscle cells.
Cold and snowy feet and hands: because blood was drawn from the body to enable it to defend itself.
Frequent nervous sweating and yawning: to help calm the heat of the brain, and to get more air.
An explosion of allergic waves: A study conducted at the University of Ohio showed an increase in the percentage of people with allergies among PTSD sufferers.
Recurrent and chronic pain.
Feeling of ringing in the ears
7 tips for recovery
traumatic stress is a gradual process that does not happen overnight. Therefore, the American website “HelpGuide”, which specializes in mental health assistance, provided tips to achieve this, including:
Challenging the feeling of powerlessness: by strengthening strengths and coping skills, such as volunteering for charity, or donating blood, and any positive activity that challenges the feeling of powerlessness that this disease perpetuates.
Movement, exercise, and endorphins release the mood, which helps the nervous system to release negative thoughts, focus on the body, and how it feels while walking, running, or swimming.
Spending time in nature: where a sense of peace and recreation in the open air, and what it can achieve for anyone suffering from shock.
Communication with others: Keeping in touch with life and people is vital to recovery, in the face of the tendency to withdraw from social activities.
A healthy lifestyle: taking care of oneself and taking advantage of relaxation techniques such as meditation, deep breathing, or yoga, and sticking to meals free of processed foods and sugars that exacerbate mood swings.
Getting enough sleep because of the anger, irritation and mood caused by sleep deprivation.
Seek professional help from an experienced doctor. The faster the treatment, the better the recovery.